It is difficult to answer the question: Professional dance what is it? Without touching upon the background of the development of American contemporary dance, as well as European modernity.
These names coexisted for a very long time, which led to confusion of concepts. But nevertheless, from the point of view of the historical development of dance, these concepts are quite far from each other. Based on their similarities to the pursuit of choreographic self-expression, they differ significantly in the way the dance product exists.
Modern and its appearance in Professional dance
Modern appeared very first. Its appearance was a kind of response to the classical dance college, which was actually founded long ago in the 20th century. It was also a response to the jazz school, which began to form in the 60s. This fashion did not come about after all and is usually called Isadora Duncan the predecessor of this eclectic design. She is an adherent of “all-natural” plastic.
Isadora Duncan -her dance was a turning point
Isadora herself did not develop her own institution. Although her dance was a turning point in the transition of dance to a completely new phase of development. A clearly structured and canonized system of instructions for movements of the modern American Martha Graham, a Denison graduate. It was with the emergence of her school that the dominance of the modern trend began. In the future, Mears Cunningham, a student of Martha, will work closely with author John Cage to develop a system for the interaction of a professional dancer and space.
Martha Graham-each dancer shares their uniqueness
Art Nouveau college can be considered truly American. While retaining the functions of virtuoso classical dance, bringing the democratic plasticity of jazz, creating optimal spatial opportunities for the dancer. Also having the opportunity to closely interact with all types of art: music, painting, design, etc.
The prehistory of contemporary art has a different historical background. Its distinguishing feature is the absence of the stipulated frame. The whole point of view of this dance is that each dancer shares their uniqueness using their own design. Dance “present moment” as an expression of completely personal experience without a specific structure.
Why did this pattern appear in Europe?
It was in Germany in the twentieth century that the first opposition to classical dance was recorded and, as a result, it received the name dance expressionism. Rudolf von Laban – the creator, the creator of the new dance system, discovered a special method of working with the room. Laban uses all possible directions in his dance, allowing space to follow the dancer and not vice versa.
There is no need to “float” in dance leaps, as in the eternal dance, Laban uses the dancer’s weight to show that gravity is not worth resisting. By the 30s, meaningful dancing is pushing classical dance off the catwalk. Speculative dances are part of the official repertoire of ballet cinemas. Rudolf von Laban’s students travel across Europe to promote new designs.
But the battle of 1945 brought about the collapse of the new dance art in Germany. It’s just that a future star is appearing right now – the fantastic choreographer of the twentieth century Pina Bausch, whose influence on his work has been experienced by several generations of young directors. In 1973, Pina opened a dance theater in the city, which today can be effectively explored around the world.
We are indebted to France for the absolutely complete formation of modern dance. A combination of French neoclassicism, American modernism, and German institutions of expression.
By the 50s of the 20th century, France is at the forefront of contemporary art, thanks to the Ministry of Society, which patronizes ballet, they create all the necessary conditions for the development of the latest choreography. But at the Grand Opera in Paris, an actor in a research film with Caroline Carlson as a soloist is being developed, which in fact determined the new style of dance.
Kalankaray Caroline Carlson dance on pleasure
The purely pleasure-based dance becomes an independent free art. Dancers look different (unusual makeup, naked bodies, lack of pretentious and impressive outfits) and dance in different ways (syncretism, as well as mixing directions), the main thing is to express personal experiences with all possible dance proposals.
According to many choreographers, France remains the leading country in the field of contemporary art. You can argue with this and agree, but it is best to state your point of view. Read also “Why dance is important”